Home Health General Health How to Detect and Treat Blood Clots in your Legs

How to Detect and Treat Blood Clots in your Legs

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Written by susieq450   

blood clots in lefs A blood clot in your legs is also called Deep Vein Thrombosis and can be very serious.  The clot is not only embedded in the lower leg but also the thigh and pelvis, which blocks circulation through these veins from the lower back to the heart.  Because of this blockage and the lack of circulation, there may be pain, swelling and warmth in the affected leg.  The condition can worsen if the clot breaks loose and travels through the bloodstream, causing blockage of blood vessels in the lung which can lead to problems with breathing and even death. 

So, what causes this very serious condition in a person?  One of the factors that lead to a blood clot can be damage to a blood vessel due to some type of trauma, or also changes in the normal blood flow.  Another factor is a rare state called Hypercoagulability where the blood is more susceptible to clogging.    

Some of the most common risk factors that can lead to a clot can be sitting for prolonged periods of time, being bed ridden for a long time, a recent surgery, recent trauma, especially to the lower part of the body, obesity, childbirth, heart problems, estrogen therapy, cancer, genetic changes and more, especially as you age.  The normal symptoms are swelling, gradual increased pain, redness, warmth to the touch, worsening leg pain, cramps, especially at night, and sometimes bluish or whitish coloring of the skin.  Some people with the condition do not even feel any of the symptoms mentioned.

As soon as you feel you may have these clots developing, seek medical attention as soon as you are able.  In the mean time, you can help your situation at home by elevating your legs to keep circulation at its’ optimum performance.  Also, try not to sit or lay for prolonged periods of time.  You may also relieve pain by applying warm moist heat to the area.  Your doctor may want to prescribe an anticoagulant or blood thinning medication to break up the clot, which is a process that does not happen overnight.  It may take several days to weeks for the clotting to break up and the anticoagulant can also prevent further recurring clots.  Treatments with medications far outweigh non-treatment. 

Depending on the severity of the vein thrombosis, your doctor may discuss other medications and treatments, according to your specific needs and overall health as some of the medications do have side effects that can cause a stroke, excessive bleeding and more.  Your doctor should know your medical history as there are many safe choices for your particular situation.  Your doctor may suggest surgery as an effective and immediate resolution to the problem, with a number of follow-up visits and monitoring to be sure of the success of the surgery. 

You may also need to take anticoagulants as further preventative measures.  It may be advised that you wear a medic alert bracelet, monitor your diet from foods that could change the effectiveness of the blood thinning medications, and be sure to advise other medical professionals of all medications that you currently are taking.

There are some preventative measures that you can do in your own life to try to prevent this condition from ever happening.  Some of the suggestions for optimum health in your veins are to first, lose weight if you are obese, avoid prolonged periods of sitting and bed rest, elevate your legs as often as you can, and avoid long periods of estrogen therapy by your doctor.  Wearing compression hosiery can help in many ways as well.

If you are susceptible to the clotting in your legs, be sure to follow all instructions regarding medications and other “preventative” measures so that your circulation works at its optimum performance.  I would also suggest that you do your own research on line to such sites as emedicine.com to further educate yourself on the subject and know all your options to live your healthiest life as possible.

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